Step 1: Just click on variables and It will switch on variables tab. The name attribute specifies the name of the variable, which is case-sensitive. The main objective of this article is to put all mostly used global variables in SQL Server 2005/2008 under a single article. There's nothing like Ansible's when statement to conditionally create Terraform resources based on a boolean variable value. Variables that are declared inside a function or a block are called local variables and are said to have local scope. tf) and JSON (. Python functions can take parameters, which are values you supply to the function so that the function can do something utilising those values. After applying the Terraform plan you'll see several output variables like the master public IP, the kubeadmn join command and the current workspace admin config. Variable Configuration. Now, whether a global variable is defined is not as easy to determine or describe. The additions control how the page header is displayed, the length and width of the page, and the print output. A variable defined inside a function (defined inside function body between braces) is called a local variable or automatic variable. There is no variable named "twothree", so ksh defaults it to an empty value, for the first print line. A local variable is a variable that can only be accessed by other things in the same scope. However all are optional, i. - [Instructor] At this point…let's take a look at GitHub. When building potentially complex infrastructure, Terraform stores hundreds or thousands of attribute values for all your resources. I've also wanted to do something similar in the past. Path, WinDir, ProgramFiles, UserProfile, etc. When using modules, outputs are essentially part of the public API to your module. Terraform also renders some configuration files inside the container which specify how to connect to the K3s cluster and what charts to install. This variable does not need to be declared. Terraform allows persisting computed values in output variables. array_variable must be a local temporary array variable because the function might need to grow or shrink its size to accommodate the size of the data set. def output(): place = "Cape Town" print("%s lives in %s. Output variables. A local variable is one that is defined inside a function or as part of a for loop. If you're using local state, this means it will write to the terraform. If we are declaring a local variable then we should initialize it within the block before using it. Select the activity element to which you want to assign the local variable. Use local variables whenever possible. The region the function is deployed to is not present in the Terraform state as a separate value. For Oracle Linux there is no need to install the terraform-provider-oci RPM as terraform will pull in the provider if it is referenced in a *. In Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications, the three scopes available for variables are procedure, module, and public. Which of the following data structures is returned by the functions globals() and locals()?. Declares a variable with the same data type and the same name as a data type from the ABAP Dictionary. Which of the following data structures is returned by the functions globals() and locals()?. Terraform Training Terraform Course: Terraform is an infrastructure Automation tool used for building, changing, and versioning various cloud-based or on-premise infrastructure in a safe efficient and reusable way. This post talks about how to resolve "local variable defined in an enclosing scope must be final or effectively final" error while trying to write a lambda expression. This page covers configuration syntax for variables. Run terraform plan and then terraform apply. , the marginal product will diminish". How do I return multiple variables from a subroutine? The problem. As well as fitting into the Terraform workflow, it allows you to pass variables to the script and receive variables back. Stored in /etc/bashrc and ~/. You can use this variable only within that method and the other methods in the class aren't even aware that the variable exists. I ended up just putting the security group inside of the the ec2 objects but may revisit this in the future. variable b. Anyways, to see what is going on with an XMLType variable in my PL/SQL code, I wanted to use DBMS_OUTPUT to display the information in SQL*Plus. The value is read from either a global field, a local variable slot or from a call to getVariable() / getParameter(). A common use case is to build servers with Terraform, and have Ansible configure them. tfstate file works just fine. I haven't seen many examples of it used around the interwebs, but setproduct takes two sets (or more importantly, two lists) and produces a list of sets with every permutation of the inputs. It’s best practice to do this whenever referencing a global variable from a local scope. It will be replaced at apply-time. Passing Variables by Value. When you try to set the variable x to character 'a', shell converted it to an integer attribute i. A variable may be local to function or compound statement. Terraform output acquisition 2. Reasonably simple, but as we all know, using global variables, particularly in large programs, can lead to difficult to find bugs. How to use one module’s variable in another module in terraform? you could define an output that looks something like this: Local Values is defined in. If using nested modules, they should be located in a root module’s subdirectory named modules/. With that in mind, I set out to use Terraform to deploy and configure a Linux virtual machine […]. If you're using local state, this means it will write to the terraform. We also note where in the registry the environment variables are set, if you needed to access them in such a fashion. A local class has access to the members of its. def output(): place = "Cape Town" print("%s lives in %s. Normal variables should never be used because they are slower than local variables and do not offer any advantage over local variables. To create a variable, you declare it in the DECLARE section of the PL/SQL block. Explicitly make all macro variables created within macros local when you do not need their values after the macro stops executing. Explicitly make all macro variables created within macros local when you do not need their values after the macro stops executing. Store output of Windows command in batch file. The `local-exec` provisioner invokes a local executable after a resource is created. For numeric variables, you can change the length of the variable by using a subsequent LENGTH statement. Passing local variables to a remote session has become a lot easier in PowerShell 3. Here i want to assign the output of the sql query to a local variable. module} in a variable definition, you'll get something like: * Variable 'post_init_script_path': cannot contain interpolations How should this be done? I'd like the module to default to a script that is included in the module, but I want the user/caller of the module to have the option to provide a path to their own script. These text files are called Terraform configurations. Tagged with: terraform, and amazon-web-services. 7 This tutorial deals with Python Version 2. This single scope spans included and required files as well. tfvars file for the state. Terraform supports multiple different variables types. Terraform how-to: create a variable list of numbered items. Same advice as previous entries apply, this is advanced stuff, harder to read and more complex, use with caution and for good reason. Version 2: This version of the code uses the same logic as UseExpression, but uses several local variables to perform the computation. , a variable defined in one function is not recognized in another. There are three types of variables in java: local variable; instance variable; static variable; 1) Local Variable. The `local-exec` provisioner invokes a local executable after a resource is created. The SSH key is another good example of a local variable, as it allows us to overcome a limitation in Terraform. Q: I'm trying to invoke commands on a remote server in PowerShell, but any variables I try to use are failing. - [Instructor] At this point…let's take a look at GitHub. Persistent variables are equivalent to static variables in other programming languages. hex}"] } It seems to work fine and the list ends up in the output successfully: terraform output --module=module etcdapiserver_hostname_list = [ 751adf6a, 9e573ee7, edb94de3 ] Now I want to use elements from this list in main terraform config. Stored in /etc/bashrc and ~/. A common problem in Terraform configurations for versions 0. So as seen in this output, when we try to use local variable beyond its scope, instead of executing commands with the local variable, the ECHO is turned off. An input variable is used to send values into a Terraform while the output variable prints result from Terraform to the stdout. For example, you could add this to variables. When bacon() returns, the local scope for that call is destroyed. Open the workflow that you want to edit. In XSLT scripts, you declare variables using the element. In this blog post we want to combine Terraform with an automated build pipeline on Travis CI. Shadowing refers to the practice in Java programming of using two variables with the same name within scopes that overlap. Here i want to assign the output of the sql query to a local variable. In Python, it is better to use a single module to hold all the global variables you want to use and whenever you want to use them, just import this module, and then you can modify that and it will be visible in other modules that do the same. Might be able to use a null_resource to get the data, store into a temp file on the local file system, then read the file in as a template so that you can put the value into a variable. I have saved azure storage key in key vault and i want to retrieve the key using Azure cli and set it as env. This document gives an overview of variables used in the Azure platform of the Tectonic SDK. This means that the areaSquare function could have a width variable, and the areaRectangle could also have a width variable, but they would be totally independent. Variables that are declared inside a function or a block are called local variables and are said to have local scope. Defaults to Ubuntu 16. tfvars Terraform Apply. A local variable l_vc_var1 of the Varchar2 data type is declared with a precision value 10. For example, you could add this to variables. Note: For brevity, input variables are often referred to as just "variables" or "Terraform variables" when it is clear from context what sort of variable is being discussed. When writing module definitions it’s appealing to only output the variables you need. - [Instructor] At this point…let's take a look at GitHub. The usual way to examine data in your program is with the print command (abbreviated p), or its synonym inspect. "Set Variable Element" implicitly implies that the programmer is trying to set a flow variable during the execution. However, when you use braces to explicitly show ksh {this is the variable name}, it understands that you want the variable named "two", to be expanded in the middle of those other letters. Terraform connects to various existing and popular service providers and helps create, configure and manage those services. bashrc scripts. In other words, the scope resolution operator is used to define the function outside a class; We can also use it to set a global variable which has the same na. tfvars (all sensitive data are stored in this file, it shouldn't be publicly accessible, here are stored credentials for virtual machine AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID="some ID" AZURE_CLIENT_ID="client id" AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET="secret" AZURE_TENANT_ID="tenant id" VM_ADMIN="ja" VM. Here all the variables a, b, and c are. Module requires a list. The variables b_var and d_var are local variables since they appear on the left of an equals sign in the function in the statements b_var = 100 + a_var and d_var = 2 * a_var. • PL/SQL code blocks are followed by a slash (/) in the first position of the following line. Yes, as you defined all the variables that did work at the top of the script outside of any definition, that made them global. PowerShell Get-Date vs. tfstate when local) which is problematic for many reasons, especially if you want to store this file version control. jq Manual (development version) For released versions, see jq 1. Its like select emp_id into Num from emp where emp_roll=222; here NUM is local variable which was declared in my program. A variable holds a value that can be changed through the block or function. Upvoted for now. A variable is made local by adding the keyword local before the variable. Variables are grouped by scope: in Function scope you'll see the built-in arguments and this variables as well as local variables defined by the function like user and greeting. In this article we look at how to interface with environment variables using the Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell. VARIABLE_VALUE is executed, which assigns the out mode bind variable to a local variable. In Python, it is better to use a single module to hold all the global variables you want to use and whenever you want to use them, just import this module, and then you can modify that and it will be visible in other modules that do the same. Be able to use output variables inside the module they are defined in. It's a superglobal of PHP and it's one that is great to have memorized. If using nested modules, they should be located in a root module’s subdirectory named modules/. Bash Variable. The chosen method depends is we're dealing with a parameter or a variable, a global or a local, an escaping variable or not. specifies the PROC FCMP array variable into which the data is read. What can I do? A: PowerShell variables are great for storing information that's available within the PowerShell session. In this case, use the %LOCAL statement to create the macro variable. Passing in [ "${module. array_variable must be a local temporary array variable because the function might need to grow or shrink its size to accommodate the size of the data set. Local Environment Variables can be created using following commands: $ var=value OR $ export var=value These variables are session wide and are valid only for current terminal session. It will get assigned some value each time based upon the conditions in the loop. Anyways, to see what is going on with an XMLType variable in my PL/SQL code, I wanted to use DBMS_OUTPUT to display the information in SQL*Plus. out 3 Configuration file examples:. You can see that we are not able to change the value of the variable of the outer function from the inner one. output-var-name} will colide with a variable defined with the same name. The `local-exec` provisioner invokes a local executable after a resource is created. C variable might be belonging to any of the data type like int, float, char etc. Terraform provides a great way to easily get your feet wet with infrastructure automation. Bash Variable in bash shell scripting is a memory location that is used to contain a number, a character, a string, an array of strings, etc. This option is obsolete. In order to execute create our EC2 machine, we need to execute: terraform apply. But local variables are not accessible in full file. If they don't contain a NODE_ENV variable, it will be set accordingly. This kind of variable works as an indicator and is a write local or global. Terraform uses text files to describe infrastructure and to set variables. A variable declared without a value will have the value undefined. Using output variables you can extract any server-specific values including the calculated details. Simple proof of concept, how to share some sensitive variables between terraform and ansible in a way that allows committing into git, while also being reasonably easy to decrypt, and used natively via ansible play. A global variable can be defined anywhere in the bash script. We define local variables in a program like stored procedures. The Oracle PL/SQL INTO clause is used in PL/SQL blocks to collect SELECT query results into a local variable. All modules require a source argument, which is a meta-argument defined by Terraform CLI. Get the best deals on Adjustable Power Supplies with 1 Channels/Outputs 8 A Maximum Current Output when you Local Pickup. Global variables We have seen that a general C program is basically a collection of functions. "Set Variable Element" implicitly implies that the programmer is trying to set a flow variable during the execution. Each variable is a bit of complexity, but a global variable adds complexity to the whole program (because it may have effects all over the program, hence the name), while a local variable adds complexity only in a single isolated unit, the function. This page assumes you're familiar with the configuration syntax already. A variable is always associated with a particular data type. If you must use a specific register, but your Machine Constraints do not provide sufficient control to select the specific register you want, local register variables may provide a solution (see Local Register Variables). The variables are local to the currently running procedure. Update: Having reviewed this solution with @syneticon-dj in chat, it appears the issue you face using this method is that a command prompt has to be reloaded before it will reflect changes in environmental variables that have happened externally. ? can anyone please guide me. Die Namen der jeweiligen Variablen sind die Schlüsselwerte, um auf den Inhalt der jeweils referenzierten Variablen zuzugreifen. Automation Step by Step - Raghav Pal 350,096 views. 7 Terraform Code `variable "var1" {defaul. Hi All, I am running simple commands to echo %%ODATE, it is giving me proper output as 140904. Python supports two types of numbers - integers and floating point numbers. Variable Scope (Global vs Local) By default, variables are global to your entire command prompt session. Rules for naming C variable:. Then you can use the variable only within that method. Using a Terraform version of at least 0. C Programming - Very basic and powerful High level language In C there are two types of access scope for variables : 1. Declare a local variable output that is suitable for referring to an object that provides methods for writing to a text file. name unknown values referenced, can't compute value Seems like Terraform console allows only to check input variables and module output variables. We can use output variables to organize data to be easily queried and shown back to the Terraform user. I wanted to capture the echo into a variable without actually echo’ing the string. ;; -*- emacs-lisp -*- ;; ;; Allow a user to send a buffer (or portion of a buffer) of SQL to ;; the skyserver, inserting the result into another emacs buffer. Output: Compile time error, because we are trying to access the variable myVar outside of its scope. It's a superglobal of PHP and it's one that is great to have memorized. T-SQL Programming Part 4 - Setting Variables in Calling T-SQL Code While Using sp_executesql By Gregory A. In simple terms, local variable exists and can be accessed only inside a function. AWS CLI precedence rules apply. cvariablename. Managing NAT instances, Terraform, resources, loops, functions, data sources, variables, outputs and modules, Terraform, deploy lambda functions, Managing remote state files using S3, Understanding terraform fundamental concepts, Create ELB, ALB and auto scaling, Setting up Route53. Comparing modules to functions in a traditional programming language: if input variables are analogous to function arguments and outputs values are analogous to function return values, then local values are comparable to a function's local temporary symbols. This means that wherever you are in the program you can use that variable; get its. You can create local variables in the Edit Value dialog, accessible anywhere you see the fx icon. The apply output should change slightly. In part 1, we'll walk though how to continually build and deploy a Java Spring Boot application and its required infrastructure and middleware using Visual Studio Team Services. A variable name may be any sequence of characters not containing `:', `#', `=', or leading or trailing whitespace. When building potentially complex infrastructure, Terraform stores hundreds or thousands of attribute values for all your resources. What is a Variable? Variable is a memory location with a name and can be manipulated by programs. For example: loopcounter = 10 _LoopCounter = 20. To create a stored procedure with output parameter, we use the keywords OUT or OUTPUT. Local Variables. If you are working with a private repository, this might not be a huge issue. The default value for this variable is " ", a newline character. For example, in C++ the following function composition:. I haven't seen many examples of it used around the interwebs, but setproduct takes two sets (or more importantly, two lists) and produces a list of sets with every permutation of the inputs. Variables are grouped by scope: in Function scope you'll see the built-in arguments and this variables as well as local variables defined by the function like user and greeting. Terraform automatically downloads and manages modules for you. Namespaces group elements such as variables, function blocks, data types and libraries into coherent units. Issuing a SETLOCAL command, the batch script will inherit all current variables from the master environment/session. TF_VAR_loc. Specify varargin using lowercase characters, and include it as the last input argument after any explicitly declared inputs. It tells Terraform where the module can be retrieved. The most commonly used variable argument is default. Each variable may contain up to 64 MB of text (this limit can be increased with #MaxMem). I think it’s much better to keep it simple, myself. You can use the SetTempVar macro action in Access desktop databases to create a temporary variable and set it to a specific value. Terraform will be configured to use the AWS S3 remote state backend with encryption, versioning, and locking. Ein assoziatives Array, das Referenzen auf alle Variablen enthält, die derzeit im globalen Gültigkeitsbereich (Scope) des Skripts bekannt sind. A bash script for the same could be:. Bash Variable. Variable usage is covered in more detail in the getting started guide. Active 1 year, Get command coloured output in a variable. How do I assign the output of a command to a variable? Ask Question Asked 6 years, 2 months ago. It's not always pretty (depending upon the command being executed by the heredoc) but it does work. In a terraform. A local variable is a variable that can only be accessed by other things in the same scope. Is there any way I can use a Terraform template output to another Terraform template's input? Ex: I have a Terraform template which creates an ELB and I have another Terraform template which is going to create an auto scale group which need the ELB information as an input variable. The are two types of variables in bash function Global Variables and Local Variables. Create a configuration file for testing. What is the Variables Window. If a variable is provided only when a shader is instanced, or if it is attached to the geometric primitive as a whole, it should be declared a uniform variable. Also called Shell Variables. Indexing support. The combination and order of Linux packages and dependencies to get that working wasn't straight forward and as you can see below in the main VM Terraform resource declaration, there are a lot of commands to make that happen. Normal variables should never be used because they are slower than local variables and do not offer any advantage over local variables. variable, the region, has a default value set with the default attribute. It will store the same size of data as text does. In C#, a variable defined inside a method can't be used outside of this method - that's why it's called local. Automation Step by Step - Raghav Pal 350,096 views. Every Citect SCADA process has its own copy of the local variables configured in a project. While Terraform stores hundreds or thousands of attribute values for all our resources, we are more likely to be interested in a few values of importance, such as a load balancer IP, VPN address. In Control-M even we have option to get only date through %%DATE, only month through %%MONTH and so on. The final speedup available to us for the non-map version of the for loop is to use local variables wherever possible. The output is the count of the permutations. Then, I can use this file to generate an ISO for VMware vSphere. After all, the infrastructure already exists and we don't want to experience any downtime just because we refactored our. If you're using remote state, eg in S3, you'll need to grant your read-only role write access to the it. There's one other kind of data-type which we should talk about in this tutorial before we move on to user input - this is the boolean data-type. Allows Terraform deployments and management of Apigee API proxies, deployments, products, companies/developers/apps, and target servers. Let’s have a look at a few examples. If multiple splines are branching off the same output pin of a function, is the function recalculated for each branch or do they simply refer to an implicity stored local variable?. While the difference between ##table (global temporary table) and #table (local temporary table) are well understood, there is a fair amount of confusion between #table and table variable. Other local variables retain their value only during the current execution of a function. Hi there, I am trying to write a rendered template containing a cloud-init user-data in a local file. You should take some time to familiarise yourself with the messages on the screen, and read everything over carefully. New replies are no longer allowed. 5 and DBMS_OUTPUT does not play well with XMLType. Deploying AWS EC2 instances with Terraform is an excellent way to build infrastructure as code, and automate the provisioning, deployment and maintenance of resources to EC2 as well as custom solutions. C++ Storage Classes Tutorial - In C++, a storage class defines the scope (visibility) and life-time of variables and/or functions within a C++ Program. By designing it in this way, the caller can specify a variable that is local to the calling subroutine, thus avoiding global namespace pollution. The biggest thing that helped me understand modules was finally groking that outputs are NOT just for displaying at the end of a terraform apply or for use as variables in subshells with terraform output. Inside of the function a_var has no value assigned to it. The output record separator. Managing NAT instances, Terraform, resources, loops, functions, data sources, variables, outputs and modules, Terraform, deploy lambda functions, Managing remote state files using S3, Understanding terraform fundamental concepts, Create ELB, ALB and auto scaling, Setting up Route53. Local Variable – A variable declared within a block and not accessible outside of that block. Examining Data. In normal recursive routines, local variables should be automatic and not static. info symbol addr. List and map type variables must be populated via one of the other mechanisms. Getting a start with automation using Terraform is extremely easy and simple to setup and we can also begin automating providers such as VMware vSphere in no time. Refurbished Dell Precision M4800 15. Then use those secrets when you call terraform. The key reference for the specified output variable. I’ve found the simplest way to find out what a module returns is to register a variable and then output that variable with the debug module: Let’s say we run the playbook shown in Example 4-3. Open Windows Command Prompt as an Administrator and change the directory to "D:\JAISH\TERRAFORM", where terraform. Ruby Local Variables. For Oracle Linux there is no need to install the terraform-provider-oci RPM as terraform will pull in the provider if it is referenced in a *. Each source statement may include up to four fields: a label, an operation (instruction mnemonic or assembler. consider the following query. • There is no default value for local variables, so local variables should be declared and an initial value should be assigned before the first use. The -L, -R, and -Z options do not work with integer variables. The translation of attribute and output values is the same intuitive mapping from HCL types to JSON types used by Terraform's jsonencode function. The variables. Till JDK 7,Local inner class can access only final local variable of the enclosing block. To Clear these session-wide environment variables following commands can be used: 1. If you declare a local variable and a global variable with the same name, the local variable will take precedence when you use it. Here's a program that uses a local variable: public class HelloApp { public static. The Oracle PL/SQL INTO clause is used in PL/SQL blocks to collect SELECT query results into a local variable. Variable Aliases: Variables that are aliases for other variables. Older versions of GameMaker only ran in interpreted mode on Windows and had a set of variable_local_ and variable_global_ functions, which could be used to variously work with local (instance) and global variables accordingly. If you have big structs, you can now reference these directly in safe code to avoid copying. 4) We cannot change the value of a final variable. Scope, which refers to where a variable is accessible within a script, is described in detail in Scope of Variables and Properties. cmake-variables(7) Variables that Provide Information; Variables that Change Behavior; Variables that Describe the System; Variables that Control the Build; Variables for Languages; Variables for CPack. An actual IN OUT parameter must be a variable. As we can see below instead of creating a terraform. Because the output of terraform validate is not parseable the output is just dumped into the output tab. The Terraform format is more human-readable, supports. If a variable contains an empty array, disp returns without displaying anything. you set the source parameter of the module to a local file path. … would totally work! But "terraform plan" in the top level directory took a giant dump. Download the terraform zip archive and unzip it in a suitable location. The status to be fed to a SCADA system could be SysRun. I use syntax for version 0. Local variables can’t be used by functions outside the one that declares them, and the memory space allotted to them is released when the function ends. A local variable l_b_var2 of the Boolean data type is declared and defaulted to True. Why does Python create a new local variable x in xReplace, but no new favouriteTopping in orderPizzas? Python's rule is the following: if you only read from the variable, then no new local variable is created; but if you write to the variable even once, then the variable is treated as local throughout the function body. With this option, Var, var, and VAR all refer to the same variable. I have saved azure storage key in key vault and i want to retrieve the key using Azure cli and set it as env. So lets create a new dev workspace by running terraform workspace new dev and then run terraform apply. Terraform: Using Local Variables. If n is given, it is the base used for output. Since the folder /usr/local/bin is already set to PATH environment variable, we don't need to set it again. GNU C allows you to associate specific hardware registers with C variables. By default, a new variable receives data. All variables in AWK are global, except when we make variables local to function. Changing the output variable to a list doesn't work either - which is surprising. Call the SETLOCAL command to make variables local to the scope of your script. It is equivalent to local variable. In the example, we will be using tblEmployee table. Specify varargin using lowercase characters, and include it as the last input argument after any explicitly declared inputs. To improve the reusability of source code and business logic, Camunda BPM offers input/output mapping of process variables. System Variables. At times you need to ensure that the macro processor creates a local macro variable rather than changing the value of an existing macro variable. So for me to complete the loop correctly i need to reference the individual values stored in the list and I am not sure how to reference it in terraform. So, we can use variables as register that are used very often in a C program. A jq program is a “filter”: it takes an input, and produces an output. Terraform is this amazing tool to provision and manage changes on your cloud infrastructure while following the great practice of keeping your infrastructure-as-code. Variables on the Command Line To specify individual modules on the command line, use the -var option when running the terraform plan and terraform apply commands: terraform apply -var="image_id=ami-abc123″ The -var option can be used any number of times in a single command. It’s best practice to do this whenever referencing a global variable from a local scope. Other objects inside the function, such as variables and functions, are also instantiated for each session. In this tutorial, you use Terraform to create and deploy an Azure virtual machine scale set created with a custom image produced using Packer with managed disks using the HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL). So the idea is, we'd have a null_resource with a local-exec which would pull in the latest AMI IDs using a script, and then we could assign the AMI ID outputted from that script to a terraform output;. The scope of a variable is determined at the time the variable is declared. Working in a Jupyter Notebook on AWS About the State File. The value of the C variable may get change in the program. A variable in simple terms is a storage place which has some memory allocated to it. Some of the functions come with hex addresses , however the locals and watches are decimal.